Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The best, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body conclusion that is. Many academic papers involve this structure, even though it is generally adapted one way or another to accommodate different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular given that it ensures that the key points of the essay have become clear and well supported. The introduction gives the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support because of this point that is overall. The conclusion restates the overall point.

A prototype essay of this structure includes in more detail


The purpose of the introduction is always to capture the reader’s attention, lead the reader into the topic and provide your reader your overall point or purpose.

A structure that is conventional introductions is general to specific. These introductions start out with some general statements on a topic (e.g. a development or trend, an fact that is interesting a situation, a common belief or argument), before moving on the particular issue or problem that the essay will deal with. They end with the overall point and/or function of the essay – to create the thesis statement. This thesis statement must be supported by then the other countries in the essay.

Everyone knows that vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin, and therefore vitamin D is vital once and for all health. Researchers have indicated that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as rickets, improves the condition of the skin, regulates the immunity system and boosts the metabolic rate (Nordwist 2000). Despite this knowledge that is general however, lots of people today still suffer with vitamin D deficiencies across the world. This essay overviews the sources of this health problem that is continuing.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: The Process of Composition)

Note: if the essay is created in answer to a question that is particular make sure your thesis statement is obviously highly relevant to the question!


Your body associated with essay is split into paragraphs. The goal in these paragraphs will be support your essay clearly’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain only one main point which is then supported. The point that is overall the paragraph is named the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the start of the paragraph.

An important cause of vitamin D deficiency is limited sun exposure. Human skin produces vitamin D if it is exposed to the sun. Lots of people who live definately not the equator into the northern and southern hemispheres have inadequate experience of the sun because the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter months. Having an occupation that is indoor using sunscreen also limit the total amount of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from «Better Medicine, Healthgrades» 2012)

The key point with this example paragraph is expressed in the topic sentence, «an essential cause of vitamin D deificiency is limited sun exposure». This aspect is then explained because of the remaining portion of the paragraph.

Make sure that you support your topic sentence well before moving onto a brand new point and new paragraph. With many short paragraphs, you probably need to think more about your argument and read more about your topic to develop your ideas if you find yourself. Otherwise, your reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Make sure also that your particular paragraphs are sequenced logically so your reader can follow your line easily of thought through the essay. This often involves paragraphs that are starting logical connectors:

The issue that is final can result in.

This reminds your reader regarding the point/purpose that is overall of essay and ties the essay together.


The objective of the conclusion is to briefly remind your reader of one’s point that is overall suggest wider implications, and give the essay a satisfying feeling of closure.

To conclude, vitamin D deficiency is actually more wide-spread than many people realize. The cause is often poverty and resulting malnutrition in developing countries. In Western countries, however, the nagging issue is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore has to be made to increasing public knowing of good vitamin D sources.

The final outcome is yet another opportunity that is good tie the essay together and also make it clear that you’ve got supported your point well.

Remember that in a very short paper, you should avoid giving too much of a summary. The reader will remember all the points, so it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only briefly that is very then move onto wider implications and final comments.